Kliuchevskoi complex from space.
A group of active stratovolcanoes in Russia’s far eastern Kamchatka peninsula was snapped in activity a couple of weeks ago from the International Space Station. The ISS allows photos to be taken from different perspectives (by offering a variety of viewing angles) allowing more three dimensionality to enter the image, unlike satellite images which are taken looking straight down and therefore flatten the sense of relief.
This volcano has been erupting for some months and we have mentioned it several times, including http://tinyurl.com/oujvcp7 and http://tinyurl.com/qzfrd4d.
Image credit NASA, expedition 38, taken November 16 2013
The gaping flame-filled crater has been this way since 1971, when Soviet geologists tapped into a cavern of natural gas and decided to burn it off so it wouldn’t poison anyone. They thought it would take a few days. Four decades later, locals refer to this pit as the Door to Hell.
Kola Drill Hole: the deepest artificial hole in the world at 12.262 km deep.
While the USSR and the USA were engaged in the Space Race during the 1960’s, they were also engaged in a race to the centre of the Earth. The USA came up with Project Mohole, while the USSR’s project culminated in the Kola Drill Hole.
The project began in 1962 and drilling began in 1970. The technology for mining at such depths was not available then or now; therefore the Russians devised an innovation where instead of turning the drill bit by rotating the stem, only the drill bit at the end was rotated (photo shows the drill bit used). This was achieved by forcing the drilling mud through the drill bit. The drill was halted in 1994, after 24 years of chewing through the earth.
Some of the discoveries from the drill hole:
-the expected transition from granite to basalt at 3-6km below the surface was not there – instead there was metamorphic rock
-microscopic fossils were found as deep as 6.7km below the surface in rocks more than 2 billion years old – 24 distinct species of plankton, with coverings of carbon and nitrogen rather than limestone or silica
-the temperature rose quickly as the borehole deepened – at 12km the temperature reached 180°C
-the last of the cores taken from the borehole were dated at 2.7 billion years old
Read more: http://www.damninteresting.com/the-deepest-hole/, http://atlasobscura.com/place/kola-superdeep-borehole
Meet captain of the Arctic Sunrise Peter Willcox, currently detained in Russia under piracy charges for peacefully protesting to protect the Arctic from oil drilling.
Demand the release of Captain Willcox and the rest of the Arctic 30 : www.greenpeace.org/freethearctic30 .
Meet activist Miguel Hernan Perez Orsi currently detained in Russia under piracy charges for peacefully protesting to protect the Arctic from oil drilling.
Demand the release of Miguel Hernan and the rest of the Arctic 30: www.greenpeace.org/freethearctic30 .
Meet activist Camila Speziale, currently detained in Russia under piracy charges for peacefully protesting to protect the Arctic from oil drilling.
Demand the release of Camila and the rest of the Arctic 30: www.greenpeace.org/freethearctic30 .
Greenpeace activist sit at a gas station in Berlin.
Take action to demand the release of the Arctic 30. #FreeTheArctic30
Hier, FEMEN France s’est joint au rassemblement en soutien aux 30 activistes de Greenpeace actuellement incarcérés en Russie pour piraterie.
POUTINE, LE MILITANTISME N’EST PAS DE LA PIRATERIE!
Yesterday, FEMEN France joined the demonstration to support Greenpeace activists who are jailed in Russia for “piracy”.
PUTIN, MILITANCY IS NOT PIRACY!